Monday, June 9, 2008

Red chilli ( சிவப்பு மிளகாய் )

Chilli is one of the largest traded spice in the international market. It is also known as Capsicum, Red pepper, Paprika depending on the species and variety. This spice is extensively used for food flavoring and coloring and also for certain medicinal properties. Chillies are available in a number of varieties, colors and fragrances.
Indian Name: Lal MirchBotanical Name: Capsicum annum L., Capsicum frutescens L.Family Name: SolanaceaeParts Used: FruitHabitat: Mexico, Gautemala
India is the largest producer of a variety of chillies. Countries including USA, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh are the major importers of various forms of chillies. The high domestic consumption of the spice limits the export potential to a certain extent. India faces tough competition in terms of product pricing from Pakistan and China.
Dry and powdered chillies are widely used for coloring and flavoring in different cuisines and dishes. It is also used as a major ingredient in various seasonings, pepper and tabasco sauce.Chillies are used to control rheumatic disorders. It is also a good source of vitamin C.

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